Bananas have many properties, but they largely depend on the degree of its ripeness. When are bananas the healthiest and when are they best for baking? Learn about the five degrees of ripeness of bananas and their characteristics.
The nutritional and health properties of bananas
Bananas are unique in terms of their nutritional value and health benefits. As a valuable source of potassium, it can, among other things, counteract high blood pressure. A Swedish study published in 2005 in the International Journal of Cancer found that women who ate four to six bananas a week had a 50% lower risk of developing kidney cancer.
Banana is too An important source of magnesium, which greatly contributes to keeping our heart in good shape, It is also concerned with the proper functioning of muscles and nerve cells. At the same time, the dietary fiber contained in it has a positive effect on the work of the intestine and digestion.
Bananas also contain protein, plenty of carbohydrates (in the form of starch and sugars), antioxidants and essential vitamins (including B6 and folic acid).
So the benefit of eating this fruit is enormous. However, depending on the degree of ripening, they have different effects, since their components also change during the ripening process. The green banana will turn brown after about 10 days. The ripening process is accelerated if the apples are also stored nearby. The ethylene released from it is a natural plant hormone that stimulates the ripening process of fruits.
Banana properties: Unripe banana. stable sugar levels
Unripe bananas are tough, not very sweet and not expressive in taste. But green bananas also have health benefits. Immature fruits have a high starch content and less sugar compared to the other stages. In this case, glucose is released into the blood much more slowly. Therefore, green bananas are the most satiating and most beneficial for diabetics and people who want to lose weight. However, you should keep in mind that in some cases it can contribute to digestive discomfort, especially if you have sensitive intestines.
Banana properties: Banana is barely ripe. It has a positive effect on digestion
As bananas continue to ripen but are still slightly green, they become sweeter and gentler on the digestive system. Still though A good source of starch, especially resistant starchwhich is not digested and therefore acts as fibre. Firstly, it slows down the absorption of sugars and secondly, it is a breeding ground for beneficial bacteria. Choosing this type of fruit is especially beneficial for people with diabetes who want to take care of their intestines.
Banana properties: Half-ripe bananas are considered a successful experience in the shop
From the moment the fruit turns yellow, further ripening occurs and the taste changes to become sweeter quickly. Yellow bananas have the most widespread use. At this stage, it looks more attractive, which is why it is so attractive and is most often bought.
Banana Properties: A fully ripe banana. optimum proportions
Ripe bananas with brown spots of skin have a sweet and harmonious flavour. They contain carbohydrates in simple and complex forms. Plus it still is A valuable source of dietary fibre. They have the most universal app – As an independent snack or addition to, for example, porridge or fruit salad. It is a particularly valuable component of the diet of children, athletes and convalescents.
Banana Properties: An ultra-ripe banana. Cancer protection
The ripening of the fruit is triggered by ethylene gas. During this process, starch is broken down into sugar. Therefore, the darker the color of the banana, the sweeter it is. Its meat will be well tolerated even by people who need an easily digestible diet. in addition to The alpha-glucan in it can stimulate the production of nitric oxide, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha).. This is why ripe bananas are known as an immunity-building fruit with anti-cancer properties. Culinary-wise, the soft, sweet pulp of this fruit is an excellent base for desserts, cocktails, and baked goods (such as cakes, banana bread, etc.).