Single parent in Germany – help from the state: benefits, benefits, sickness

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Single parents in Germany – what help can they count on? Out of every fifth family in Germany, only one parent takes care of the children. This usually means taking full responsibility with an income of less than half the average household income. The state offers a wide range of assistance for single parents. It consists of, among other things benefits, longer working sickness or tax credits for single parents. Here are 8 financial tips you can use.


1. Help from Jugendamt, Children and Youth Bureau

Jugendamt is the first point of contact for all parents who are facing separation or are already living separately. The same was true for single mothers who had no kinship with the child’s father. Jugendamt will be able to help with issues such as acknowledgment of paternity, child custody and alimony.

You can apply for guardianship of a child by Jugendamt already during pregnancy. Thanks to this, the office can actively support the only parent, and therefore the child, and represent him in court in case of alimony disputes. Parental care is not limited in this case.

In addition, Jugendamt can direct you to the right places. There are many associations, associations and organizations that work with the Youth Help Desk that can make other aspects of your life easier.

2. Single-parent benefits in Germany: Elterngeld, Kindergeld and Mutterschaftsgeld

Unlike married people, single parents have the right to have children 14 full months of childcare allowance. You can read more about this allowance here -> Germany: Elterngeld and Elterngeld Plus childcare allowance in 2022

Any single parent can also apply for Kindergeld, which you can read about here -> Kindergeld allowance in 2022. How much is a family allowance in Germany and who can apply for it

Single moms are eligible too Maternity allowance Mutterschaftsgeld. More info -> Maternity allowance in Germany. How much is Mutterschaftsgeld and who is it worth

3. More sick days

While parents who are jointly caring for a child only get 10 sick days per child, single parents get that automatically. 20 day. If you have more than one child, you can get the maximum 50 days off a year without having to take a vacation.

>>> Children’s illness in Germany: rules for granting sick leave to a doctorWorld Health Organization

If you are too sick when your child is sick to take care of the housework, you are entitled to home help. You must apply for it in the health insurance fund.

4. Tax credits for single parents in Germany

In order to financially support single parents who are entitled to a family allowance or child allowance, a special allowance has been introduced. It is currently €4,088 for the first child’s calendar year plus €240 for each subsequent child. This amount is deducted from your taxable income.

>>> German tax declaration 2022: What can be deducted from taxes?

Childcare costs are also tax deductible. It includes the costs of nurseries, kindergartens and after-school care. Under certain conditions, 30% of tuition fees may also be deducted from tax for public franchise schools, such as Montessori schools.

5. Other forms of financial support: Hartz IV, Kinderzuschlag, Wohngeld etc.

If you are a single parent, you can also take advantage of “basic” benefits and allowances. Among them:

6. Regional help for single parents in Germany

Each city or municipality may offer its own financial support to parents in the form of subsidies, a daycare voucher, etc. For specific information, consult the Office of Children and Youth.

For example, in Saxony, single parents whose income does not exceed 21,600 euros receive 150 euros per month for one child, 200 euros for two children, and a maximum of 300 euros for three children if they are cared for at home. Funds are paid for a maximum of 9 or 12 months.

7. Help from foundations and churches

In a financial emergency, single mothers can get help from organizations such as the Federal Mother and Child Foundation, or from church trusts. Conditions for receiving assistance may vary – it is best to seek advice from Caritas.

8. Private parent-child treatments

Raising children is stressful, especially for single parents. If you develop bothersome mental or physical symptoms, consider treatment. Ask your doctor about this. Mother-and-baby or dad-to-baby treatments allow you to get back on your feet without leaving your child at home.

The request for such treatment is submitted to the Health Insurance Fund. If approved, your health insurance fund will cover not only the costs of the treatment itself, but also your travel expenses. Usually a small extra fee of around €10 per day is required, but this is lower for people on low incomes.

Elterngeld.de, PolskiObserwator.de

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