It is the problem of every third pole. One of these diseases can lead to permanent disability

During the press conference “Neuroscience 2022”, President of the Polish Neurological Society A. Konrad Rijdak admitted that more and more Poles suffer from neurological diseases – Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy and stroke. It is the second cause of death and a very common cause of permanent disability. Stroke, unfortunately, is a sudden disease, but there are some symptoms that should worry us – warns the neurologist.

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1. Treatment and modern technologies are not everything

a. Rejdak noted that technological advances have allowed a revolution in neuroscience, but that the challenges posed by this branch of medicine are enormous. It’s a result aging populationMeanwhile, neurological diseases ranging from migraines to epilepsy to Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease are becoming more common.

These diseases It affects a third of the populationTherefore, the challenges are enormous – emphasized the Head of the Department of Neurology at Lublin Medical University.

Experts in the field of neurology stress that it is necessary to implement a number of solutions that will help in better patient care. This includes establishing highly specialized neurological centers, developing specialized outpatient care or creating clinics dedicated to specific neurological diseases.

It is badly needed because, according to experts The number of deaths due to neurological diseases by 2028 It may increase by up to 25 percent. This was noted by Dr. Jerzy Gryglewicz of Lazarski University, one of the authors of the report “The State of Polish Neuroscience and Trends in Its Development”.

2. Young people are also affected by stroke

In Poland, more than 70 thousand. People have a stroke. The most serious, but not the only risk factor for a so-called cerebral infarction is age.

Higher life expectancy has altered risk factors for many diseases.

In the past, infectious diseases, epidemics that could wipe out Europe, were an important risk factor or even death. With the development of preventive treatment in the form of vaccines or antibiotics, this has shifted to other diseases. We live longer, so we have a better chance of dying of stroke or cancer. It is also the result of social changes and achievements in the field of medicine – admits Dr. Adam Hirschfeld in an interview with WP abcZdrowie, member of the Board of Directors of the Wielkopolska-Lubuskie PTN branch, a neurologist from the Psychiatric Clinic in Poznan.

What about other factors that might cause a stroke in our early thirties to affect us?

With age, the number of comorbidities increases and, accordingly, the risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack increases. [przemijający atak niedokrwienny, przyp.red]. However, we undoubtedly see a certain shift. This type of disorder occurs more often in the youth group, that is, after 30 years – adds the expert.

The neurologist speculates that this shift may be attributable to an unhealthy lifestyle. Lack of sleep, use of stimulants, constant stress, and increase the level of cortisol. The percentage of such people in neurology departments is increasing.

Factors such as smoking and other medications speed up stroke in young adults and it is not unusual to see people between the ages of 30 and 40 in neurology wards. years old with a stroke. They usually have a combination of many unfavorable factors, such as smoking, hormonal contraception in women, lipid disorders related to improper diet or high blood pressure – explains the professor. Rejdak.

Most of the young patients on the ward had one relationship in common – they were people who worked a lot. They were workaholics who, even on a ward with a transient ischemic attack or stroke, were more concerned about when they would be able to return to work, emphasizes Dr. Hirschfield.

3. Stroke – cunning killer

The most common type – ischemic stroke – can occur without any noticeable symptoms, making it difficult to detect. And only a quick reaction can save you from death or permanent disability.

– Inside, we have practically no defense – Your only defense is to call an ambulance, because the determination of whether it is hemorrhagic or ischemic can only be done on the terms of the HED – the professor admits. Rejdak.

He warns us not to underestimate our health. According to the expert, the 30-year-old boy should carefully monitor his health in order to prevent a stroke in the first place. The neurologist reminds you to measure your blood pressure, check your blood sugar level, and take care of your diet and exercise.

History, family burden, or suspicious incidents of neurological loss – hand impairment, visual or speech disorders – are factors that indicate the need for in-depth diagnoses – he adds.

and which of them symptoms Not to be underestimated? It is worth remembering them, because every second counts for a stroke.

  • drooping corner of the mouth,
  • partial paralysis of a limb,
  • balance disorders,
  • Slurred speech and/or problems with thinking and memory
  • Severe headache
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Unconsciousness.

Carolina Rosemus, journalist at Wirtualna Polska

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