Could the conflicting nature of man become an obstacle to the colonization of Mars?

The atmosphere of the fourth planet in the solar system consists mainly of carbon dioxide, which makes up 95% of the total number of planets. Of all gases, plus 3 per cent. Nitrogen 1.6%. argon; Besides, we find small amounts of methane, water, carbon monoxide, some oxygen and other gases. The average temperature is -60°C, and we will also meet many sandstorms. Solar winds deplete the soil and it is unlikely to be cultivated.

Aside from technical and possibly medical and technical problems, in the process of colonizing Mars we have to deal with another problem that is rarely discussed. The trip to the neighboring planet will take several months, and assuming we establish permanent colonies, it is likely that future astronauts will remain on this alien planet. In unfavorable conditions, on a small area, without the possibility of returning to the ground. Can a person bear such a psychological burden? Will there be struggles that make the entire project impossible?

Researchers dealing with the case The psychology of traveling to Mars Pay attention to the conflicting nature of humans, which can cause more problems than technology. When we look at human history, we see a history of conflict and war. So how can we believe that foreign settlements will be completely free of misunderstanding? Despite the development of technology, our behavior and nature are still determined by the mechanisms of evolution. Climate is among the factors influencing this development. This is understandable. Looking at our planet, we will see people who differ by latitude. People living in humid tropical forests had to adapt to conditions other than those in the polar regions.

This concept was created by Paul A.M. Van Lange, Maria I Rendro and Brand J. Bushmanet Climate, aggression and self-control in humans (clash). It assumes that human aggression and violence are latitude and climate related. The closer to the equator, the warmer the climate, the more aggressive it is. Populations living in higher latitudes, as a rule, are distinguished by a lower degree of aggression.

Although temperatures are lower on Mars, colonists will live on artificial bases where conditions will be tightly controlled. It is characterized by low volatility, and a human-friendly temperature above 20 degrees Celsius would make the Martian base similar to the warmest conditions on our planet. Thus, according to the CLASH model, the risk of potential conflicts may increase.

It is likely that food will initially be provided from the ground, although growing plants will technically become possible over time. Animal husbandry is more urgent and food supplies from the land will be inevitable. But what happens in case of failure? Situations in which the transport is delayed or does not arrive for some reason (accident in space, a conflict on the ground preventing the shipment of goods).

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Scientists suggest that altruistic behavior is only possible in closely related societies. In other societies, cooperation is based on mutual benefit or manipulation, and natural selection favors the promotion of selfishness. It must be remembered that the envoys will not be selected in terms of genetics, but in terms of knowledge, skills and endurance. People, perhaps from different countries, will differ in language, culture, religion and customs. There is the danger of competition, attempts to dominate and create hierarchy. People are social unitsThis makes it normal for groups to compete with each other. In the case where all the population will form one group which will have no natural rival, this rivalry may pass to its own group.

Another problem may be reproduction. Aside from competition issues for the purpose of having a child, potential paternity may result in an inability to perform current duties due to childcare. These responsibilities should be distributed to the rest of the group. It may also turn out that you need extra help from other people in your care.

You may find it useful cultural development. It happens much faster than biological evolution and we can quickly adapt it to the needs that arise. It includes, among other things, the legal system, the exchange of goods, the organization of property. Establishing and adapting to certain rules will help stop selfish and aggressive behavior, and thus reduce the risk of a dangerous conflict.

Religion can play a big role, as it stimulates charity, altruism and better relationships, but it also has a positive effect on mental and physical health. with one condition. Group members should share our values. The researchers, Szocik K., Mazur SK, and Lysenko-Ryba K., proposed the creation of a new Martian religion that would be useful in the educational process of children born on Mars. Growing up there, they will adapt to the prevailing conditions faster than other people sent from Earth.

Attempting to merge a group can lead to creation New legal rulesAnd the moral system, and over time the evolution of the political and economic system will contribute to the attempt to independence from the land. Although reliance on supplies will initially help control the situation, scientific advances may lead the colony to become completely independent. We will also face the challenge of introducing and enforcing sanctions (also remotely), which, like isolation, will include excluding individuals from the group. It may be necessary to appoint persons to guard the prisoners and to protect the rest of the group. There could be a solution in the form of the death penalty.

colonization of mars It will definitely be difficult not only due to technology but also psychological reasons. Candidates for colonists must be matched with personalities, properly trained so that they can handle many emotions, overcome difficulties, and sometimes support each other. In the case of more cooperation, there are more questions than answers, which requires a consistently rapid response. The whole experiment could be a huge success and a huge leap into the future, but it is possible that we will have to face the death of all the colonists and restart the debate about the conquest of space.

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