May 19And in 1965 Maria Dibrowska died.
She was born on October 6, 1889 in Rosov near Kalisz as Maria Zumska. Her terrestrial origin, in a way, shaped her literary path. It’s “nights and days” after all It secured her a place in the Polish Writers’ Congregation. In the valuable collection of short stories entitled “People From There” It also depicts the lives of simple people, workers and domestic servants. Dąbrowska, although she came from a small town, was educated in Lausanne and Brussels, which affected her future life. The writer was passionately involved in public affairs, mainly related to education and the defense of civil liberties.
“I like my books which have not been successful and the greatest response,” Maria Dibrowska admitted to Ryszard Matusevsky. – And this is exactly: “Drama”, “Sketches from a trip”, “Sketches about Conrad”, and even “Ideas about things and about people”.
Its advantages for Polish literature are clear and obvious. However, it is worth taking a closer look at the unclear threads in the writer’s biography.
In 1964 when Ryszard Matuszewski Had a short conversation with the writer, famous for her work and involvement in social affairs. The literary woman, who seemed devoid of femininity, was nevertheless a real murderous woman. Less than a year after the interview, the author of “Nocy i dni” passed away. She stipulated in her will that the journals she had kept for half a century may not be published until 40 years after her death. They were the only ones who showed the true face of Dąbrowska.
Her first husband, Marianne Dibrovsky, died at the age of 36. However, she soon became engaged to another man, Stanislaw Stempovsky. Love and eroticism allowed her to create, so it is not difficult to guess that she took part in many romances. She was a fan of Jerzy Zup, writing in “Dzinic”:
Two of the most beautiful people in Poland love me […] And I love both of them, and I don’t know how to deal with it, how to deal with it. Jerzy Czop knows all about Stach, but Stachno doesn’t know anything about Jerzy because he has a heart condition. This is killing me… (Accessed June 26, 1930)
The writer’s homosexual relationships are also an interesting topic. It is known that she loved Stanislava Blumenfeldwa, and after her death she decided that the last love of her life was over. However, this did not happen. In fact, the last person he fell in love with was writer Anna Kowalska, with whom she lived for 20 years. As it turned out, it was a difficult friendship between two women, whom the selfish Dąbrowska surrounded by Kowalska’s love. This relationship was also mentioned several times in her journals by Anna Kowalska herself:
Even the most obvious love is not enough for her. She needs love. I can’t give it to anyone (Entry from 1952).
Although Maria Dobroska was simply called a writer, feminist tendencies were also evident in her. From “Diary”:
The number of elderly women also doubled, who suddenly remembered that they had friends at school named Maria Dibrovska. […] By the way, it was a big mistake not to stick to her maiden name Szumska, but less so than Dąbrowska. It will save me many, many hours wasted on correspondence (Accessed January 10, 1960).
Leave feeling lonely
The ailing writer admitted in an interview with Ryszard Matuszewski (1964) that health problems prevented her from writing and developing as a writer. She also lamented that at the end of her life there were no men whose love affected her creatively.
“magazines” Maria Dibrovska did not cast off her base. It was thanks to them that she created the image of a liberated, enlightened and modern woman, proclaiming bold theses and judgments. Her novels and short stories still belong to the canon of school reading, and filmmakers are not shy about adapting them.
The writer was awarded the title of Honorary Doctor of the University of Warsaw and awarded the Commander’s Cross with the Star of the Bologna Restituta Order. She died on May 19, 1965. The grave of Maria Dibrowska was erected at the Bołoski cemetery in Warsaw in Aleja Zasłużonych.
Listen Maria Dąbrowska talks about her favorite work and creative struggles at the end of her life.