10 myths about the mind. See if you believe in these theories too

In Psychology Today, Matt Houston has set out to crack down on the most common myths about the human mind. Almost all of us have heard these theories and concepts at some point in our lives. However, it turns out that what psychologists experiment with is often taken very literally. In other cases, myths about the human brain have nothing to do with science, or rather deserve to be called myths, willingly passed from mouth to mouth. What do we think most often?

Myth #1: Birth order affects personality

Probably everyone has heard how it is claimed that the order of birth in the family determines the character of the child. According to this assumption, the firstborn, middle, youngest or only child must show certain character traits. Of course, this is nonsense. While familial status may influence some behaviors and lifestyle, it is not in the order in which siblings are born. Research testing bold hypotheses has not demonstrated a relationship between birth order and ability, for example, to take risks. According to PT, in 2015, German psychologists analyzed data from thousands of people in the USA, Great Britain and Germany and found no significant association between birth order and characteristics such as compatibility, conscientiousness or imagination. Some of the results even contradicted the original theory. Birth order has no effect on IQ level. The legend has been debunked.

Myth #2: Sex addiction

The concept of sex addiction hit the media and beauty salons. In fact, the problem, although the real problem is more complex, the words addiction, turns out to be pop culture bullshit and a far-reaching mental shortcut. As if this were not enough, the common and popular term has become a very convenient excuse for deceptive partners. How is it really? Sex can be harmful. But can it be addictive?

As Huston points out, you won’t find the term “sex addiction” in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) used to diagnose mental disorders in the United States. The World Health Organization has added “compulsive sexual behavior disorder” to its diagnostic manual, but it does not use the word “addiction”. Why is this difference so important? For a behavior to be considered an addiction, specific conditions must be met. According to experts, in many cases of so-called behavioral addictions, whether it is sexual, gambling, or other activity, people engage in problematic behavior rather than addictive behaviour. The phrase “sex addiction” is therefore a general term rather than a professional term and can lead to some confusion.

Myth 3: The dominant hemisphere

A popular view is that the right hemisphere is dominant in the brains of intuitive thinkers, while analytic thinkers have a more developed or dominant left hemisphere. Indeed, it is far-reaching conclusions and a beautiful marketing slogan. The best-documented differences appear to be subtle and insignificant, according to expert neuroscientist Stephen Koslin, professor emeritus at Harvard University. In fact, the skills we assign to a particular hemisphere of the brain involve both the right and left hemispheres. In fact, there are many interconnections, and the search not for the so-called dominant hemisphere, but the issue of the right and left hand, brings great discoveries.

Myth 4: There are visual and auditory learners – the myth about learning styles

The idea that teaching methods should be tailored to individual learning styles has been around for decades. However, scientific reviews have found little justification for this practice. Scientists warn of this Myth can make learning difficult because it strengthens belief in its own limits. They urge the existence of techniques to improve the ability to learn with proven effectiveness.

Myth 5: Multiple intelligences

The theory of multiple intelligences was introduced in the 1980s by Harvard developmental psychologist Howard Gardner. However, not all specialists in the study of intelligence are enthusiastic about this. This assumption is questioned, among other things, by Richard Heyer of the University of California. There is no empirical evidence to support the thesis about multiple intelligences, and the experiment conducted was not supported by empirical evidence. In the case of human intelligence, the topic is so broad and complex that the concept is considered elusive in the environment.

Myth 6: Conscious practice leads to perfection

With training comes mastery. Well, long-term practice and mastery of the skill undoubtedly yield amazing resultsHowever, according to psychologists, experience alone will not replace other factors that determine, in the popular sense, mastery of a skill or talent. In this case, individual inclinations, intelligence and other factors are of great importance. This is why some people become great chess players after 3,000 hours of training, and others need up to 20,000 hours to reach that level. hours of practice. Sometimes, despite exercise, certain limitations cannot be overcome.

What is important outside of practice? It is a very fluid dependence, and the factors that influence success are many and not all of them are to be expected. According to psychologist Brooke Macnamara, apart from intelligence and improvement time, the age at which we begin practicing a particular skill, memory capacity, type of exercise, and even the teacher training us are equally important.

Myth 7: Male and female brains

The belief that the brains of men and women can be confined to identification with some distinctive trait is great in society. Every now and then we hear the attribution of certain gendered behaviors and emotions. Psychologists do not treat these discoveries unequivocally, and the theory of some modifications in the evolutionary sphere, in the opinion of many of them, is outdated. It turns out there are differences and they can be useful in treating problems caused by stress or trauma, for example, but in general our brains share more characteristics than subtle differences.

Myth 8: The Depression Gene

It was thought that the risk of depression or anxiety might have a genetic basis, and whether the family had suffered from such disorders was a particular risk factor. Geneticists have recently dispelled these doubts, and none of the 18 classified genes could be proven wrong. The background consists of hundreds or thousands of genetic variants that are common in a population, but to different degrees in each individual. Each of them contributes very little to the risk of disease. The relationship between genetic appearance and sensitivity is quite complex, and talking about the depression gene is certainly an offense. We can at best talk about an increased risk of developing certain diseases or disorders because they have a common genetic basis.

Myth 9: The Stages of Mourning

Although there are certainly melancholy stages in mourning, the work of knowledge about these processes in society has been greatly simplified. Sadness is as unpredictable as we like it to be What we feel and when is very individual and complex. The concept of ‘stages’ has been misunderstood by most laymen and treated as a map that leads to a clear and specific goal. Indeed, whether a person will go through a certain stage and in what sequence is unpredictable. If your mourning is different from the pattern, there is nothing wrong with it.

Myth 10: Attachment Theory

Psychologists use the term “attachment style” to describe how individuals differ in certain behaviors or how early childhood experiences manifest themselves in relationships and bonding during adulthood. althoug There is no doubt that what we experience in our family home has a great impact on our livesThere are also many other factors that affect us. Early interactions with parents do not determine how people relate to others when they are adults. They are not the only factor and cannot be treated as such.

Source: psychologytoday.com

Leave a Comment