Art Deco: distinctive items, furniture, and decorations. When was the Art Deco style born?

Art Deco – what is so special about this style? What do you suppose? How to arrange an apartment in a distinctive Art Deco style? We explain!

Art Deco: The Birth of Style

The Art Deco style developed in the 1920s. Its origins can be traced back to the insurgency in the Art Nouveau style known for its heavy embellishments and embellishments. Art Nouveau motifs were beautiful, but overwhelming and devoid of order, sometimes even consistency. Thus, Art Deco cut itself off from Art Nouveau styles. Decorative elements and furniture in this style were supposed to complement each other, creating a cohesive unit. However, they were not without personality. Art Deco means strong color accents and the repetition of geometric shapes. Art Deco, as a new direction of art, became not only very fashionable, but also readily available – it can be said that at that time the first mass production began, replacing the production of exclusive furniture.

In Poland, Art Deco It was published in the second half of the 1920s. The style quickly gained the attention of most Poles who wanted a visual revival of the country after years of partition. Tamara Sembica was a Polish artist at the time, creating in the Art Deco style. In her paintings we will see modern, confident women. In accordance with stylistic principles, the buildings of the National Museum and the Ministry of Education were also renovated.

Art Deco: Distinctive Elements

Some of the main features of Art Deco are:

  • Contrasting colors – Art deco interiors combine strong and contrasting colors. In contrast to the minimalist style, not only the black, white and gray palette is used – gold, silver, green or purple are often used.
  • Geometry – Uses strong solids, often devoid of symmetry. The architecture itself is very symmetrical – the most unusual forms usually take on ornaments and ornaments;
  • Functional – furniture often combines several functions (for example, built-in sofas in the lower part with shelves). Convenience and ease of use of furniture are also important.
  • Noble materials – marble, stone, good quality wood.

Art Deco in interior design

Above all, art deco rooms should be spacious – small spaces can be infused with massive furniture and geometric decorations. That is why most people decide to arrange a living room in this style, which is usually the largest room in the house.

However, the right space is not everything. Furniture won’t look good enough if you strip it down to a suitable floor mount. A real wooden floor is associated with classic Art Deco – you can use both classic and horizontal boards and parquet arranged in a mosaic. Stone is often used: it is better to choose a highly reflective tile with a geometric pattern. At the stage of preparing the room, it is better to think about the use of contrast – the most universal interiors in the Art Deco style are white, with dark furniture and decorations. On the other hand, black can be used in individual entries – for example, by arranging a black and white mosaic only on the edges of the room.

When it comes to walls – the Art Deco style is associated with the brightest plastered walls in the English style (the so-called English wainscot): the surface is covered with geometric panels lacquered in the color of the wall. On the other hand, wood associated with classic Polish panels is not used for wall decoration. One of the walls should be covered with a decorative rug with a symmetrical pattern to break up the simple and classic shapes. Wallpapers with a metallic sheen are perfect in this case, and perfectly combined with gold or silver ornaments.

Art Deco: Furniture

All art deco is based on functionality – so furniture should serve first of all, and not just appearance. Instead of several small cabinets, it is definitely better to choose a massive and spacious chest of drawers or a wall unit that covers the entire wall. An ideal Art Deco table is round, often equipped with an additional shelf at the bottom, and an ideal sofa – built at the bottom and soft.

When furnishing an apartment in the Art Deco style, you can not forget about the materials. Although the whole style is relatively modern in comparison with the classical, it completely excludes synthetic materials, which are popularized only with the advent of the pop art style. Furniture should also be massive and varnished – otherwise it will get lost among heavy mirrors and chandeliers. Therefore, it is better to choose noble species of wood, at that time the so-called czeczota was also fashionable. Glass dressers and chests of drawers, made of dark and clear glass, also work great. Marble, crystal and silk are always in fashion.

In the Art Deco style, furniture made of noble, expensive materials looks best – however, the design of a room or an entire apartment can be very expensive. In such a situation, it is worth remaking the furniture that you already have at home by varnishing it with a highly reflective shimmer – it is better to choose varnishes in deep, multi-dimensional colors, such as mahogany or amber.

Art Deco: decorations

Art Deco has drawn from everyday life from the beginning – it began to show modern people, musicians, dancers and even machines and vehicles. Classical elements related to myths or the Bible appeared less frequently and were devoid of a mysterious envelope that evoked the viewer’s reflection. So Art Deco paintings and decorations should focus on form, not content. When decorating interiors, the following are often used:

  • Mirrors with frames in geometric shapes. Often they are placed in the central point of the living room (for example, above the fireplace) – thanks to this, the interior seems visually larger and more open;
  • Nickel-plated watches without glass protecting the dial. However, massive wooden clocks are used in equal measure;
  • green shade lamps,
  • small colored lamps that look like stained glass – but you should choose a stained glass window made of geometric shapes and not showing any scenes or characters,
  • Paint work is full of simple geometric shapes. Portraits and landscapes should be easy to convey and free from excessive detail;

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