“Wyczółkowski found.” Presentation of the works of the young master of Poland from the Wawel collections.

Exhibition Wyczółkowski . found So it is a unique opportunity to enjoy the pastels, watercolors and drawings of Mr. Young Poland. The show’s main “protagonist” is a gorgeous pastel that was lost during World War II Góralka / Wiejska Girl wearing a yellow shawlwas introduced at the fair for the first time since it became the property of the Wawel.

The exhibition was inspired by an important event – Wawel’s return in December 2021 from the unearthed loss of war. coloring Góralka / Wiejska Girl wearing a yellow shawl Leon Wyczółkowski (1852-1936) was donated to Wawel by Leon Piniński along with other objects that were part of the Wawel Foundation named after him in 1931. The Leonna Clock. Piniński (approved by the Voivode of Lviv in 1935). The work, entered in the institution’s inventory under No. 203, was lost during World War II and was on Wawel’s list of war losses. In December 2020, it appeared on the local art market, was recognized and then restored by the staff of the Department of Overseas Cultural Heritage and War Loss of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, headed by Elibeta Rogoska. A year later, the official transfer was made by prof. Piotr Gliński, Minister of Culture and National Heritage.

Three strands of exposure

The narrative of the exhibition consists of three threads. The first is the losses of the war – the recovered Bastille takes center stage here Góralka / Wiejska Girl wearing a yellow shawl. The second subject is the figure of Leon Beninsky (1857-1938), a lawyer associated with Lviv, politician, professor, rector of the local university, art expert and collector. Wawel was especially close to him – he participated first in the restoration of the castle
By the Austrian army, and later to decorate the renovated interiors. As a member of Wawel’s committees – advising the Castle Restoration Director on restoration and technical matters – he spoke, among other things, at the session Foil heads Xawery Dunikowski and Wawel plafonds. Wawel’s views presented in the exhibition recall Beninsky’s relations to the seat of former Kings. The Wawel Hill and its architecture, as a constantly present element in the work of Leon Wyczółkowski, constitute the third theme of this story. The artist willingly showed the hill, the cathedral and the arched courtyard – exceptionally – the interiors of the castle from different points of view. Visitors can see the exhibition in addition to Góralki / Wiejskiej girls in a yellow scarf 10 other works by Wyczółkowski from the Wawel Castle Royal Collection.

– Exhibition Wyczółkowski . found It’s a great vacation for us. First of all, we are very happy with the picture Góralka / Wiejska Girl wearing a yellow shawlUntil recently considered a loss to the war, it returned to Wawel last year after more than 75 years. Besides, it is interesting to put this pastel together with other works of the artist from our collection, revealing his fascination with the Wawel Hill and the landscapes of the Tatras. Thus, this intimate exhibition is an opportunity to admire Wyczółkowski’s painting art, but also an attempt to penetrate his research, his passions and even his soul – the desire to “find” Wyczókowski himself in his works – Says Doctor Love. Andrei Petlij, director of the Wawel Royal Castle.

just “girl”

Góralka / Wiejska Girl wearing a yellow shawl Wyczółkowski painted it in 1900 and was soon bought by Piniński. As early as February 1901, it was exhibited as his property at the exhibition of the Society of Polish Artists “Sztuka” in Lviv.

The first part of the title, given by the auction house displaying the work, is “Góralka”, but this definition of the girl is incorrect. Her clothes, as it turned out as a result of inquiries and consultations, are not from the heights, but from Krakow. This is evidenced, inter alia, by the characteristic way of attaching the yellow plaid scarf. On the basis of comparison with other Wyczółkowski’s works and archival photographs, it can be concluded that the artist’s model was most likely based in Bronowice. The original title is simply “Girl” – says Agnieszka Janczyk, curator of the exhibition.

Beninsky, Tatras and Wawel

One of the paintings on display in the gallery is the portrait of Leon Beninsky, created in 1899 when he was governor of Galicia (1898-1903). This connoisseur of art met at his residence in the Mujahideen. Matejki 4 in Lviv, valuable collections, mostly donated to Wawel under the aforementioned Wawel Foundation. Leona watch. Beninsky. The collector was interested not only in ancient art, but also in the works of contemporary painters, including Jacek Malczewski, Julian Fałat, Teodor Axentowicz or Wyczółkowski. Among the gifts he gave Tatra Landscape From 1905. Atmospheric landscapes come from the Krakow period of artist’s creativity, when views of the Tatras, sometimes with a symbolic meaning, were often their ornaments.

There are also works on the subject of Wawel, which testify to the painter’s fascination with the hill and its antiquities. These are, for example, different views of the arched courtyard. Also interesting is the view of the bedroom of the President of the Republic of Poland, painted in 1927 and documenting the restored interior, decorated with the arrival of President Ignacy Moiecki. Wyczółkowski’s many works dedicated to the cathedral are represented by two works: Rational and the so-called Queen Gudwija ​​Fund From 1907 – Replica of the original pastel from Dora treasury and oillocated in the National Museum in Warsaw, and See the tomb of Queen Anna Jagilonka From 1920.

– Exhibition Wyczółkowski . found is a truly unique opportunity to enjoy the pastels, watercolors and drawings of this distinguished painter from Young Poland, which rarely leave museum repositories for reasons of preservation – add values.


Leon Wyczółkowski (1852–1936)

Painter, graphic artist and illustrator, one of the main creators of Young Poland. He was educated in the years 1869-1875 at the drawing class in Warsaw under the supervision of, among others Wojciech Gerson, then at the Munich Academy in the studio of Alexander Wagner and in the years 1877-1879 at the Krakow School of Fine Arts under Jan Matejko. In the years 1895-1911 he worked as a teacher at the Krakow Academy. He was one of the founding members of the Association of Polish Artists “Sztuka”, as well as Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs – Wiener Secession. travel a lot:
In 1878 he went to Paris, in the years 1883-1894 he lived in Ukraine and Podolia, in the 1890s he went to Italy, in 1905 to Spain, and in 1915 to England, Scotland and the Netherlands. He spent the period of World War I in Warsaw and Krakow. in the years 1918-1929 he lived in Krakow, where he traveled a lot to his farm in Bogradz near Bydgoszcz; In 1929, he moved his studio to Poznan. In 1934, he became professor of graphics at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He participated in many exhibitions in Poland and abroad. At first he worked in oil technique, then in pastel, to finally focus on painting techniques. He was a brilliant portrait painter and painter of nature and scenes from everyday life, as well as working in keeping with Young Poland’s allegory.


Wyczółkowski . found


Grand Governor’s Hall (Ground Floor of Wawel Royal Castle)

Coordinator: Agnieszka Janczyk

Coordination: Veronica Boskrupko and Zuzana Tomczyk

visiting hours:

13.05-30.06: hour. 9.30-17.00, last entry at 16.40

1.07 – 18.08: an hour. 9.30-19.00, last entry at 18.40

Tickets: Regular PLN 10, Privileges PLN 5


The educational program accompanying the exhibition

We invite you to take advantage of the educational program accompanying the exhibition. Thematically diverse events will showcase the works presented in the exhibition
And it will become the basis for deepening knowledge of the artist’s life and work. The scope for young and old includes meetings on, among other things, the collection and protection of antiquities, as well as the process of recovering war losses. The selected events will be enriched with audio description and translation into Polish and Ukrainian sign language.

Meeting calendar:

May 19, 2022 at 18.00-19.00, lecture “The Return of the Loss of War, or on Relations between Beninsky, Wyczółkowski and Wawel”

May 27, 2022 at 12.00-13.00, valuable guided tour

June 9, 2022 at 12.00-13.00, guided tours for families with children

June 10, 2022 at 15.30 – 16.30, Guided tours in Polish Sign Language

June 11, 2022 p. 14.00 – 16.00 A sketch of the arched courtyard

June 23, 2022 at 12.00 – 13.30, family workshops

June 24, 2022 at 12.00-13.00, thematic guided tour “Ukrainian inspiration by Leon Wichowski”

July 7, 2022 at 12.00-13.00, guided tours for families with children

July 14, 2022 at 15.30 – 16.30 Guided tour with audio description

July 28, 2022 12.00 – 13.30, Family Workshops

July 29, 2022 at 15.30-16.30, guided thematic tour “Krakow and Wawel Hill in the works of Leon Wyczółkowski”


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