Surveying and making available more than 1.3 million documents on cultural heritage will be the result of the Digitization and Exchange of Digital Cultural Goods project implemented by the National Heritage Institute. Already more than 700,000 documents from this collection can be found on the historical site.
The project “Digmatization and Sharing of Digital Cultural Goods – Monuments, Cemeteries and War Cemeteries”, implemented with the support of the European Union, aims to digitize documents such as: registration cards, photos, maps, plans, charts, figures and other documents in the National Archives. Heritage Institute and made available online. Actions taken relate to all immovable and archaeological objects entered in the National Antiquities Register and War Graves and Cemetery Record Cards in the county office archives.
“For 60 years, the National Heritage Institute has been researching and documenting antiquities, the National Heritage Council of Poland and its legal predecessors. So we collect knowledge about Poland’s historical resource, but we also protect Poland’s memory, which no longer exists today, about a non-existent landscape” – said the director of the National Heritage Council of Poland, Dr. Haap. Katarzina Zaleska.
In the archives and resources of the National Institute for Democracy (NID), she said, “you can see the cultural landscape of Poland, which has disappeared with the development of our country.” “We have the necessary knowledge to develop, so that this resource has such developmental, social and economic potential” – she indicated.
“We have used this knowledge for many years, trying to make it available to the widest possible audience using the latest technology. In 2009, the National Heritage Institute became a center of competence when it came to issues of applying the latest technology to architecture. 2015, the site monument.pl was put into operation, But much earlier, because in 2005 he began to use the latest technology, and then the first laser scanning scanners were purchased, so they are already many years of experience, while this project, which we partially summarize today, in fact, allowed the teams of experts that She worked at NID by simply spreading her wings ”- stressed the director Zalasińska.
Regarding the situation in Ukraine and the devastation that has occurred there, she said, “This difficult time shows how important, and at times underestimating, the role of archeology study and documentation.” “It’s hard, often invisible, and sometimes underrated work that the National Heritage Institute, its predecessor in law, has been doing for 60 years,” she added.
As she said, the digitization project implemented by the National Institute for Democracy (NID) “made it possible to show the amount of the vast knowledge resources that we have accumulated in public institutions, and we are glad that this was possible.” “We hope this is the first step for a larger revolution in conservation services, because more of these tools are needed. We are trying to support the digitization of conservation services in our other projects,” said the director of the National Institute of Conservation.
The State Secretary of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, Guardian General of Antiquities, Jaroslaw Selin, noted that “one of the essential elements for the effective protection of antiquities is the documentation of their state of preservation and the values they represent, consisting of the creation and collection of information, including images, charts, drawings, diagrams and figures” .
He added, “Conservation through documentation is a scientific record of the spatial form of the monument in order to preserve it in the scientific awareness and through it in the collective memory of the community.” As he said, “the experiences of Polish conservatives in rebuilding or reconstructing monuments which seemed to have been irreparably lost as a result of the destruction of the Second World War, clearly prove the correctness of this statement.”
The Deputy Minister of Culture stressed that “thanks to the great efforts of Polish conservatives, who often risked their lives, valuable documents were successfully restored after the war, traces of our history, important for national culture.”
He noted that “the experience of the last century, as well as the recent events that we observe since February, which is Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, also directed against the country’s cultural assets, requires constant development of documentary projects related to politics.” The material heritage of our country.
He reported that as part of this process, the Governor-General of Antiquities, through the forces of the National Heritage Board of Poland, administers the National Antiquities Register in the form of a set of registration cards in the Provincial Registers of Antiquities, which are kept by the Conservatives.
He stated that the project covers “all immovable objects and monuments listed in the National Antiquities Register as well as war graves and cemetery registration cards found in the county office archives.” “In my opinion, the implementation of this remarkable project, which will eventually include the digitization of more than 1,300,000 documents, will allow a wide audience to get acquainted with such a large amount of professional knowledge about Polish antiquities for the first time. And most importantly, it will be free entry “- notes Celine .
The National Heritage Institute has created the website Pocztowy.pl, which provides information about Polish antiquities as well as their descriptions and multimedia content. Visitors can view archival photos and submit photos, scan documents from the National Antiquities Registry, 3D models, panoramic photos or the archaeological site.
The actions taken will lead to the creation of a large-scale database with information on historical buildings, cemeteries and war cemeteries, as well as the collection of informational data about them on the websites of the National Heritage Institute – monument.pl and mapa.zabytek.gov. There you can find folk monuments included in the Register of Antiquities, objects from the UNESCO World Heritage List, monuments entered by the President in the List of Historic Monuments, objects included in the National Register of Immovable and Archaeological Monuments, as well as records of war cemeteries and cemeteries. monument.pl also allows you to inform the local official about endangered monuments.
The aim of the project is to ensure universal and free access to the resources that were present on a daily basis in the collections of the National Heritage Council of Poland. Thanks to digitization, information on monuments, cemeteries and war cemeteries will be widely available.
The project implementation time is expected to cover the period from January 28, 2019 to September 30, 2022. The staff of the National Heritage Board of Poland is currently focusing on document scanning, metadata and mapping of spatial objects using orientation and 3D object scanning. Address cards and scientific and research documents related to heritage preservation, referred to as heritage materials, have also been digitized. An interesting procedure implemented as part of the project is also a digital representation of the architecture of sacred wooden buildings.
The value of the project was estimated at more than 37 million PLN, of which more than 31.5 million PLN come from the EU budget under the Poland Operational Digital Program. The rest was donated by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.