- Throughout history, garden art has shaped the canons of beauty.
- The royal, polar and city parks changed the landscape and showed the artistic background of a particular era.
- The most famous baroque gardens in Europe belonged to the rulers.
- The gardens are designed to emphasize the unique beauty of the place. They were separated from the surroundings by a fence and the entire composition was focused on the interior – emphasizes Dr. Anna Majdeka-Strzyk.
Throughout history, garden art has shaped the canons of beauty. Gardens performed various functions in social and cultural life. – Gardens have always been important in terms of social status, because this is an element that may not exist and people can do without it, but it is an element of beauty that we have been feeling since early times – he says about Polish Radio 1 Anna Majdeka-Strzyk, landscape architect. – Garden design and maintenance is difficult, demanding and expensive, and in the past, owning a garden was an element of human prestige in the social structure and in ancient times few could afford it – says Jedynka guest.
There are many types of gardens, incl. Royal, palace, castle, monastic. – The gardens of palaces and castles are residential and ancient gardens, characterized by splendor and grandeur – describes Dr. Majdecka-Strzeżek. Over time, more and more types of gardens have been created. The formation of public gardens began. During their development, they differed due to the way they were used. There were children’s playgrounds, show gardens, then gardens were created under a certain plant – he confirms.
Eureka Radio Recording
“The unique beauty of the place”
As hubs Katarzyna Jankowska admits, the gardens are shaped to emphasize the unique beauty of the place. The gardens were separated from their surroundings by a fence and a complete installation to the inside. These were the most important methods based on a straight-line plan, planting trees in rows or water elements. Water, regardless of age, has always been a desirable element, and it was difficult to obtain, so its presence in the garden, when it has not utility but representative importance, heightened the special importance of such a place – explains the landscape architect. – A special moment is the Baroque era, when the largest apartment buildings reached several thousand hectares – we hear it on the broadcast.
The most famous baroque gardens in Europe belonged to the rulers. Louis XIV, King of the Sun, created the so-called “Splendor of Versailles” thanks to the famous garden designer Andre Le Notra. – The model for the Baroque gardens was not Versailles at all, but Vaux-le-Vicomte. It is an intimate garden, with an area of only 450 hectares, but it made such an impression on the ruler of Louis XIV that he visited the owner of this garden, attracting a team that designed, built and laid it. It is to work in the modest little Versailles, which, thanks to the work of four eminent architects and sculptors, has turned into the most magnificent residence, the garden of the most powerful ruler in the world – says Dr. Anna Majdeka Strzek.
– Among the Baroque buildings, it is worth noting Wilanów, the suburban residence of King Jan III Sobieski or Versailles in Podlasie, that is, a Baroque garden in Białystok, designed for Hetman Jan Klemens Branicki – indicates.
The broadcast also includes:
a. Alexander Gesztor – First Director of the Royal Castle in Warsaw
One of the most prominent scholars of the second half of the twentieth century, historian, of the Middle Ages, A. From the University of Warsaw, participant in the Warsaw Uprising. When the decision to rebuild the Royal Castle in Warsaw was made in January 1971, Alexander Gesztor became a member of the Civil Reconstruction Committee. He left behind many papers and publications about the castle and the capital’s past. The guest of the program will be the professor. Przemyslaw Morozovsky (University of Cardinal Stefan Wiesinski, Royal Castle in Warsaw).
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Today, the Royal Castle in Warsaw performs both museum and representative functions. Originally it was the residence of the Dukes of Mazovia, from the sixteenth century the seat of the authorities of the first republic: the handsome king. In the winds of history, the castle was plundered and destroyed many times by the Swedish, Brandenburg, German and Russian armies. In the nineteenth century, after the fall of the November Uprising, it was allocated to the needs of the Russian administration. During World War I, it served as the residence of the German Governor-General. In the years 1920-1922 it was the residence of the head of state, and in the years 1926-1939 the residence of the President of the Republic of Poland. In 1939, the Germans burned it and plundered it. It was completely destroyed in 1944.
The castle was reconstructed in 1971-1984 led by the Citizens’ Committee for the Reconstruction of the Royal Castle in Warsaw. In 1979, a museum was established in the castle, and a state cultural institution was created, the Royal Castle of Warsaw – a monument to national history and culture. Since 2014, it has been operating under the name Royal Castle in Warsaw – a museum.
Program title: Eureka
Lead: Katarzyna Jankovska
Guests: Anna Majdeka-Strzyk (Landscape Architect) Przemyslaw Morozovsky (University of Cardinal Stefan Wiesinski, Royal Castle in Warsaw)
Date of issue: 4.05.2022
broadcast time: 19.31