20 years ago, on May 6, 2002, actor Bronisław Pawlik passed away. He was a man who knew almost everything about theater – Olgerd Łukaszewicz remembers years ago.
Bronislaw Pavlik was born on January 8, 1926 in the city of Krakow. He was interested in drawing. During the occupation, he worked as a railroad worker. After the war, in 1947, he graduated from the Iwo Galla Dramatic studio in his hometown, having appeared a year earlier at the Wybrzeże Theater in Gdask as Hippias in the play “Homer i Orchidea” by Tadeusz Gajcy. On the stage of Gdask, he has also appeared in plays by Lzzaniański, Shakespeare, Wyspiański, Chekhov, and Słowacki.
Later, he also started performing in Teatr im. Jaracz in ódź, where he made his debut as Kuba in Chekhov’s “Cherry Orchard”. From 1953 in Warsaw stages: Teatr Narodowy (1952-57), Ateneum (1957-60), Polski (1960-75), Powszechny (1974-88) and Współczesny (1989-2002).
In 1956, he graduated from the PWST in Warsaw, but did not defend his degree. It was a time when Pawlik was active not only as an actor, but also as a director. Edmund Versinski assisted in Cornell’s Cyd at the Polish Theater in Warsaw, along with Zygmunt Hübner directed Shawn O’Casey’s “Shadow of the Hero” at the Współczesny Theatre, and independently directed “Osaczonych” Janusz Warmicki at Ateneum.
He made his big screen debut as an actor as Leon in Jerzy Kawalerowicz in “Celuloza” (1953) and Leon Krusiewicz in “Pod Gwiazda Phrygijską” (1954). He played hairdresser Szczeżuja in Jan Rybkovsky’s “Hours of Hope” (1955) and police commissioner, militia captain in “Mr. Anatole’s Hat” (1957). Soon he became known for great talent and a gentle man, despite the difficulty of his leadership.
In an interview with PAP years ago, actor Jan Kociniak Pawlik stated in the words: “I was then a very young actor. My relations with Bronisław Pawlik are like the attitude of a literalist towards a teacher. He was already a very popular actor at the time. However, he never gave us the feeling that he was a person Great. He was very kind and gentle. He was a humble and kind-hearted man, ”- he emphasized.
A similar opinion was expressed by Olgierd Łukaszewicz, who first met Pawlik in the “Danton Affair” der. Andrzej Wajda: “It was an unusual experience for me. Bronisław Pawlik was an actor in a collective theater – he could take on the tasks resulting from submissiveness to the main idea of the performance, and he was not someone who dictated to others that he was only to play the main roles “- he recalls.
He was known for his great attention to detail, every detail, prop. “When my watch was stolen Danton after several dozen performances, using others made my life difficult on stage. I already had a well-developed grip, and the adhesion of the new prop was different, weird, soft, absent, inaudible. After several attempts with our stage shoes , and how to take out + get out + heel, slip, we decided to cut it with a file. Then I felt comfortable in the role “- he admitted in 1976 during an interview for” Teatr magazine.
In the theater, Pawlik created more than 130 roles. After the role of Akakij Akakijewicz Baszmaczkin in Mikołaj Gogol’s “Coat”, der. Władysława Hańczy Krzysztof Choiński reviewed his game with the words: “He brought out from Bashmachkin everything that is human and what evokes an emotional reaction in the viewer that clearly corresponds to the author’s intention.”
There is an interesting story related to this art, which was reported by “Foir” magazine. He appeared everywhere wearing red high heels with boots, which sparked quite a few surprises at the time. It turned out that in this way he was preparing his clothes for the role of a poor Russian official, believing that they should be properly destroyed. It so happened that in this outfit he walked through the Telewizja Polska building on his knees, ensuring that his pants were properly wiped.
The theater in which he felt perfect was also the Polish radio theatre, in which he performed more than 500 times over the course of nearly 50 years – he debuted in 1953 with Bohdan Korzeniewski in “Zemście” by Alexander Fredero. He collaborated with almost the best Polish radio directors. In 1988, he was honored with the Great Splendor – a prestigious award that the artistic team of the Polish Radio Theater gives to actors of radio plays.
“Very tense on the job, hard to lead, but inside the soul of an angel! He was my favorite actor. These + quarrels + he was organizing were not to destroy someone, but to impress himself, so that the emotion was like director Zdzisław Dąbrowski recalls on Polish radio.”
His film career was taking place at the same time. He played, among others, in Stanisław Barriga’s “Husband” (1960), “Smarkula” (1963) by Leonard Poczkowski, “Don Gabriel” by Iowa and Czeslav Petelsky, “Countess of Kossel” by Jerzy Anzac, “Zemori” by Wojciech Marszewski. Also worth noting are Barrage’s cult comedies, such as “Teddy Bear” (1980) and “What Would You Do To Me If You Caught Me” (1978).
Pawlik was recognized by the role of sales assistant Rzecki in the series “Lalka” by Ryszard Ber (1977). Rzecki is believed to have been ejected from Prus alive.
“(…) Indeed, Pawlik invested in Rzecki all his rich acting experience, the ability to judiciously use details, gestures, looks and facial expressions, discerning vocal tones in a deliberately narrow range. (…) Maria Przostovica reviewed in this “Sina” The character is in a thin, but meticulously drawn line, part of the generational imagination and has been a rare success.
The actor himself revealed in an interview with “Film”: “In order to + enter + into the character of Rzecki, I had to, first of all, read the text of Prus with almost perfect accuracy.”
He was a professor in the TV series “Incredible Adventures of Marek Piegus” (1966). He also played in the series: “Stuka is greater than life”, “Chubi” (1972), “Polsky Droga” (1976), “Doctor Morek” (1979), “Carrera Nicodima Dizma” (1980), “Alternatio 4” (1983) ) “For my generation, Bronisław Pawlik was a master when it came to being aware of the audience’s reaction. He definitely knew how to elicit certain reactions, when to stop, when to turn around, and when there was verbal stress – eg pause – that would cause a reaction Dramatic, when the reaction is comical. Pointy “- admitted Łukaszewicz.
His roles in “Tabu” (1987) by Andrzej Barański (award at the Polish Film Festival), “Orle” (1958) by Leonard Buczkowski, and “Nie ma mocnych” (1974) by Sylwester Chęciński have also earned him high ratings.
Liked as a man. He was very irritable for his temper, often causing many funny situations, but also, if no one knew him yet, agitated. Too shy. Pawlik boomed in front of the microphone, on the stage. He was a man who knew all Almost something about the stage. I have the impression that an entire era disappears with it,” added Olgerd Łukaszewicz.
Pawlik was the first presenter of a children’s TV show – “Miś z windowska”. He lost his job after saying the words – “And now, dear children, kiss the bear in d …”. The situation became a recurring anecdote, although its truth was never confirmed, and the actor himself vehemently denied that such words had been said. He used to say, “When I look back at this legend’s career, I wish I had never uttered those words.” But the fact is that Pawlik was finally released.
His last theatrical performances were the roles of Grandfather in “Celebrations” by T. Vinterberg and M. Rukov, directed by Grzegorz Jarzyna at the Rozmaitości Theater (2001) and The Gardener in Bambini di Praga by B. Hrabal, directed by Agnieszka Glińska at the Współczesny Theater (2001) .
“I am primarily interested in small people, lost in the mechanisms of the modern world, unnecessary. I am always embarrassed by everything that surrounds them, almost by the fact of their existence, shy, redundant people. They are what touches me the most” – he said in an interview with the magazine ” Akran”.
He has also performed on stage, incl. In the nightclub Szpak and Dudek and in Kabaret Starszych Panów. His last movie was “All Saints” Abbey. Andrey Baransky (2002). Unfortunately, the premiere took place after the death of the actor, who died on May 6, 2002 in Warsaw.
Matthews Widerka (PAP)
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