Socrates argued that we should take care of our soulsPhoto: Anastasios71 / shutterstock.com
- Socrates spoke to the people in the field. He often treats them as friends
- For Aristotle, the golden mean is the choice between excess and underflow
- In Plato, love is important
The philosophy has been preserved to have originated in Asia Minor in the Greek colonies. The beginning must be associated with the character of Socrates, who claimed that the trees and birds did not teach him anything, only the people of the city. He thought about good and evil, what we should pursue in life, what is the purpose of our life, what we should strive for and how to value human life – says Stanisław Gromadzky, the philosopher.
What Socrates learned from people he obtained through the conversations embodied in the Platonic dialogue. Socrates was accustomed to talking to people in the market, often treating them as friends. If embarrassing questions are asked about piety, friendship, or love, not all interviewees will be able to deal with these questions. Socrates would like people to think about their lives and realize what is important to them. Socrates’ answer is: “The soul is important, we must take care of it and take care of it” – adds Jedynka’s guest.
What is the golden meaning?
Being young, we often follow our instincts, but only with time comes caution and making decisions becomes very difficult due to the possible consequences.
Older people often regret not doing something. Just as philosophers may regret not engaging in a certain kind of life. They are also trying to defend their options. What are you betting on? Is it for pleasure or virtue? – asks Stanisław Gromadzky.
It is possible that the golden mean is a mixture of good and joy. Aristotle might object. Socrates, then Plato, will have something to say here. For Aristotle, the golden mean is the choice between excess and underflow, so that absolutely any virtue can be achieved. Philosophers’ deliberations on moral issues are virtue and spirit. Later, as in the case of Aristotle, the question arises of what is the purpose of human life and how we direct our actions to be rational and based on what we experience here and now – he explains.
– More holistically, the ancient thinkers would search for virtue or happiness, and if they later bet on luck, this thought would pass between the philosophers on the threshold of the Middle Ages and the medieval philosophers. What’s more, he adds, will continue into the modern era.
Love and friendship
According to Aristotle, man is a social being and is not self-sufficient. Aristotle claimed that if he tries to live outside society, he must be an animal or a god. So he lives with people among them and tries to build relationships with them. Instead, Diogenes of Sinopa would not shun them or think he should ignore cultural goods, says Stanisław Gromadzky.
Love and friendship are feelings that carry a lot of risks. Not everyone is able to take this risk. Philosophies wanted to find a solid basis for these teachings. When Aristotle wrote about friendship, he believed that friendship should have a solid foundation and only then should it be. In his opinion, morality should be based on courage and virtue. If he had such a foundation, he would be almost indestructible. Otherwise, when it comes to utility or pleasure, this continuity is not guaranteed, as the philosopher explains.
In the case of love, about which Plato wrote interestingly, for example in “The Banquet”, when Socrates tries to smuggle a certain idea of Platonic love in the words of Diotyma, we are dealing with a certain maturation and growth. The love that we usually call platonic love has nothing to do with love as Plato understands it. We often associate Platonic love with the unrealized ideal, while in Plato’s entire structure of the dialogue “the Feast” the point is that, subject to admiration and direction of the visible, to the love of beautiful works. So love is important – we hear.
The broadcast also includes:
Historians now debate changes in Poland’s energy systems since the time of the first rulers, Sem of the 15th century. Bodies such as the Royal Council and then Parliament have undergone changes that are now being re-examined. The development of commerce, cities, and “new technologies” in the Middle Ages is an example of how we can now, in the twenty-first century, explain social, political, and economic changes later. The guest of “Eureka” is the professor. Wojciech Fałkowski, historian, director of the Royal Castle in Warsaw.
Program title: Eureka
led: Katarzyna Jankovska
Guests: Stanisław Gromadzky (philosopher), a. Wojciech Fałkowski (historian, director of the Royal Castle in Warsaw)
Date of issue: 7.01.2022
broadcast time: 19.30