Asthma – what is this disease? Causes, symptoms and treatment

Asthma is generally known as bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma. They are united by symptoms – bouts of shortness of breath and coughing. The causes of the disease are still unknown. How does asthma appear? And how can it be treated? Check out Dzień Dobry TVN.

On May 3, World Asthma Day and World Asthma and Allergy Day are celebrated. On this occasion, it is worth remembering what this disease is about.

What is asthma?

Asthma in Polish, also known as asthma, is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways with hyperactivity of the bronchi. It leads to frequent episodes of shortness of breath, coughing, tightness in the chest and wheezing. It often appears at night or in the morning. There are two types of asthma – airways (commonly referred to simply as asthma) and Cardiac muscles.

Asthma can be classified according to its severity. standing out:

  • Symptomatic asthma – a symptom that occurs in less than two weeks, and nocturnal symptoms in less than two months.
  • Mild chronic asthma – onset of symptoms over 2 weeks and nocturnal symptoms for 3 to 4 months.
  • Mild chronic asthma – symptoms appear every day, at night for longer than a week.
  • Severe chronic asthma – symptoms appear all the time, at night, and occur about 7 times a week.

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bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma

Cardiac asthma, also known as asthma, is a disorder that occurs in the form of episodes of shortness of breath. They appear lying down, exercise, psychological and emotional stress, and even nutritional errors. It often passes after a change of position, after more than 30 minutes. Its cause is congestion of the pulmonary circulation and pulmonary veins, which may result from chronic left ventricular heart failure. In turn, bronchial asthma results from a group of factors that are not fully understood and that contribute to respiratory problems, but are not related to a weak heart.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

  • bouts of shortness of breath,
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  • chest tightness
  • coughing fits;

Coughing attacks may produce pus-like sputum that is difficult to expel. This is due to the large amount of eosinophils in this secretion. These symptoms often appear at night or in the early morning, As well as after exercise or contact with cold air. Symptoms may be paroxysmal or persistent.

In addition, people with asthma often experience gastroesophageal reflux disease, Sleep Apnea And Sinusitis.

What does asthma come from?

The causes of bronchial asthma are not fully understood. It is assumed that the disease arises from the interaction of complex factors, including genetics. It can have an effect on the course, severity, and treatment of disease. The main factors environmental factors Allergens, air pollution and chemical compounds polluting the natural environment. Research has shown that smoking tobacco By the mother in the womb and the breastfeeding period may be associated with a risk of developing asthma-like symptoms.

In addition, scientists hypothesized the cause of asthma healthy Asthma is a direct and unintended consequence of reduced exposure to bacteria and viruses during childhood. Furthermore, atopic dermatitis and hay fever are associated with asthma atopyIt is a group of inherited allergic diseases that occur simultaneously.

How to recognize asthma – diagnosis

The diagnosis of asthma is based on an assessment of symptoms and the patient’s response to treatment. The above symptoms should be an indication for additional testing. During diagnostic tests, spirometry is also taken into account to confirm the diagnosis. It is a functional test of the respiratory system. During its duration, the volume and capacity of the lungs and the air flow in the bronchi and lungs at different stages of the respiratory cycle are measured.

Asthma treatment

Because of unknown factors, asthma cannot be completely cured. There are treatments aimed at symptom relief. The most effective treatment is to identify and eliminate the provoking factors. This could be cigarette smoke, dust, or pet fur. In addition, it is presented to them Bronchodilators It works as a symptomatic reliever. Higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids are used in people who have frequent episodes, and oral corticosteroids are used in moderate to severe forms.

Main image source: Paul Wiewersky / Getty Images

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