The debate about equal treatment of women and men in the labor market has been going on for years. In Europe, it is one of the core areas of European Union law. Documents containing these principles are legalized by many countries, including Poland.
However, differences exist in the treatment of women and men in many organizations around the world. From the World Bank report “Gender and Economic Opportunity in Poland: Have Women Lost From This Transformation?” It shows that Polish legislation guarantees equal treatment of women and men in terms of access to work, training and professional promotion, as well as terms of employment.
However, it has been observed that differences in the treatment of women and men may result from the traditional perception of the role of women. In addition, the results of the report indicated that the position of women is much worse in terms of income levels, pensions, and prospects for career advancement.
The report was released in 2004 and it appears that the position of women in the labor market has improved since then. However, it is still noted that the gender of the employee affects the amount of pay, and stereotypes about women at work work well.
The participation rate of women in the labor force in the European Union is 71.9%. In Poland, it is slightly lower, reaching 67.9 percent. There is one conclusion – Polish women are relatively inactive from a professional point of view. This has an impact, first of all, on the country’s economy, as well as on family budgets.
The report “Improving the Status of Women at Work” issued by the Leviathan Federation stated that the reason may be the patriarchal system that affected the perception of the role of women in society. In addition, the worse economic condition of women, that of receiving lower salaries compared to men, was noted. It turns out that this leads, as a result, to the consolidation of the stereotyped perception of the fair sex in the family.
Moreover, the ineffective system of care for children up to three years of age may be the reason for the decrease in the professional activity of the Polish woman, which means the postponement of the moment of the mother’s return to work. The pro-family social system was cited as another reason.
The author of the report acknowledges that the economic activity of Polish women increases with economic development, but it still happens very slowly.
Marius Zielonka, the author of the report, noted that the level of professional activity clearly characterizes the place of residence. Women are more active in cities and this may result from changes in the family model.
“The transition from the traditional model to the partnership model is one of the factors thanks to which women living in large cities can be proud of relatively high rates of professional activity. Another element that strongly influences this situation is the availability of public education and early care facilities in small towns and villages, or To be more precise, its deficiency. The last element is proximity, in the sense of distance, from the closest relatives, which is able to support a woman in caring for children to a significant level. Extent ”- emphasizes Zielonka.
The report notes that it is women in major cities who have increased their professional activity in recent years. Moreover, it has been observed that the worst performers in the Polish labor market are women from small towns and are overtaken by women living in the countryside.
As it turned out, the passivity of women in the labor market is largely caused by lowering the retirement age and social transfers such as, for example, +500.
Also, many women are not looking for work because of the housework. It is noteworthy that it is affected, among other things, by poor access to childcare facilities for children up to three years of age. It was noted that benefits such as +500 encouraged women to stay at home. It is estimated that around 100,000 people disappeared from the labor market in the first year of employment. a woman.
The report’s author indicated that the situation of women in the labor market could be improved, inter alia, with more male childcare. The pandemic has shown that women often bear the responsibility for care, especially when disease prevents children from going to school.
Labor market: Poland lacks 125,000 jobs Mr.
Poles limit their professional activity. Take care of children and parents
How much does a motion controller earn and why is the industry so unequal?