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Julian Strejkowski was a prose writer, playwright, and journalist. He left behind a wide literary production, including including. The novels “Voices in the Dark”, “Austria”, “Azilla’s Dream” and “Echo”, in which he records the antebellum world of Polish Jews and tells them about the fate of a community almost completely wiped out in German death camps during World War II.

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03:56 Elżbieta marcinkowska’s Conversation With Julian Stryjkowski ___f 49237. mp3 “I see the world through the eyes of a child. I have lost nothing of my sensitivity. I react to everything like a very young person, even though I am 84.” Elipita Marcinkovska talking to Julian Strejkowski (PR, December 19, 1989)

Polish philologist, Zionist, communist

He was born on April 27, 1905 in the Galician Stryj near Lviv. Until 1946 it was called Bisach Stark. He was named after his mother Hannah Stark. His father was Cwi Rosenmann, a cheder teacher. He studied in Polish schools, but thanks to his membership in a Zionist youth organization, he also learned Hebrew. In 1924, he began his Polish studies at Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv, where in 1932 he received his doctorate under Julius Kleiner.

In Lviv, he made his first contacts with the Communists, which determined his life choices over the following decades. Due to accusations of spreading communist ideology, he was expelled from school in Blok, where he taught Polish in 1932-1933. In 1935-1936 he was imprisoned for joining the Western Ukrainian Communist Party. Until the outbreak of World War II, he had to hide from the police.

Liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau – see historical site

In the fall of 1939, he managed to get to Lviv, where he worked in the media controlled by the Soviet authorities – in the daily Lwowski Sztandar and on the Lviv radio station of Polish Radio. After the Germans attacked the Soviet Union, he fled deep into Russia, where he was physically engaged, and in 1943 he moved to Moscow and joined the pro-Soviet weekly “Free Poland”. He joined the Polish Workers’ Party and the Union of Polish Patriots, strengthening his ties to communism. In 1946 he returned to Poland. It was also at this time that he finished the novel “Głosy w darkości” (Voices in the Dark), which he signed under the pseudonym “Julian Stryjkowski”. Since then, that’s what he has given himself.

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14:26 Julian Stryjkowski The Story of the Toxic Book ___ Third Pr 82992.mp3 Julian Strejkowski on Thomas Mann and the books that made the greatest impression on him (PR, September 13, 1981)

From infatuation to suspicion

The writer described his wartime experiences and spiritual transformations in Wielki Fear. At that time, he was no longer a supporter of the authorities. The book, which is an account of communism, was published in the second circulation.

Stryjkowski gradually became disillusioned with the new political system. Although “Voices in the Dark” did not pass censorship in 1946, a few years later the writer published his novel “Big de Fragala”, which was so popular with the party that in 1952 the author was awarded the first state prize. Class. “Sounds in the Dark” was released only after the snow melted in October 1956.

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March 1968. Special Service

Stryjkowski still belonged to the Polish United Workers Party, but his suspicions of the authorities increased. He finally broke with communism in 1966, and joined the protest of the intelligentsia after Leszek Kwakowski was expelled from the party. However, his anti-communism was not connected with a combative position, so even after 1966 his writing work was not canceled. Even the secret version of “The Great Fear” was not an obstacle.

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09:16 Julian Stryjkowski___d 33483 1975-05-18. mp3 Julian Strejkowski: My position on the subject is to get away from reality. Even when this is the more modern and up-to-date reality, I try to keep a reserve towards it (PR, May 18, 1975)

Monument to the Nation

The works of Julian Strejkowski’s life are undoubtedly the so-called Galician Quartet, a story about the author’s childhood and youth in the Jewish community of the Eastern Frontier region. Aside from Voices in the Dark, the series includes Austeria (1966), Azrila’s Dream (1975) and Echo (1988). Before the publication of the last book, the trilogy was discussed, and so the author himself thought about it when, in the year of the publication of “Azriel’s Dream” on Polish radio, he spoke about his literary motives.

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03:50 julian stryjkowski___d 15176 1964-02-01.mp3 “I must say a few words about what I am writing now. I must confess, I do not know myself.” Julian Strejkowski talks about working on a draft script for “Austeria” (PR, February 1, 1964)

– When I started writing Voices in the Darkness, I dreamed of a trilogy in which the protagonist is one man, and one character – a six-year-old boy from “Głosy w darkness”, who ends up with the death of a martyr in the Warsaw ghetto. Otherwise happened. Now these three novels are not connected by a common plot or a common protagonist – said Julian Strejkowski. The common denominator between them is the common problem of a nation that has died and a common goal I set for myself in my writings: to preserve the nation’s memory, and to erect a monument to a nation that no longer exists — he explained.

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15:25 julian stryjkowski___d 33295 1975-04-02.mp3 “Everything has been seen and experienced. That is why I did not write a novel about the ghetto, but about what I experienced myself.” Julian Strejkowski for the books “Voices in the Dark”, “Osteria” and “Azilla’s Dream” (PR, April 2, 1975)

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